What you must visit in the gothic quarter of Barcelona

Cathedral of Barcelona
Dominating the Pla de la Seu, the Cathedral of Santa Creu i Santa Eulalia has a stunning Gothic façade reminiscent of the great French cathedrals: measured 93 m long, 40 m wide, and has a Bell-Tower 53 m in height and a main tower of 70 m. However, its pinnacles and gargoyles contrast with the austerity of the rest of the building.
An image of Christ, surrounded by the Apostles of dominates the main portico. Inside, on both sides of the ship, there is a succession of hoods installed between the buttresses. From the chapel of the souls in purgatory, an elevator leads to the terrace, where some gateways allow the roof of the Church and enjoy splendid views of Barcelona. In barcelonacitytellers.com you can check some interesant touristic guides in Barcelona.
It is worth pausing to observe the laborious work of carving of the choir stalls. In front of him, a staircase leads to the crypt, which houses a sarcophagus of Alabaster with the remains of Santa Eulàlia, co-patron of Barcelona. On the crypt, the altar rests on two sturdy Visigothic capitals that are conserved of the early Church.
On the other side of the Pla de la Seu lies the House of Pia Almoina (House of charity), built on the remains of one of the towers of the Roman wall. It houses the Diocesan Museum, where a collection of Romanesque and Gothic religious art can be seen.
In front of the Cathedral, the Catalans gather Sunday morning to dance the sardana. Also tends to settle an antiques market: the Gothic market.
Plate of Rei (Plaza del Rey)
Since the beginning of the middle ages, the Plaça del Rei was the seat of the Palau Reial, one of the main residences of the counts of Barcelona. The original structure, built on the Roman walls, was like that of a fortress, but buildings on the sides of the square were lifted with the passage of the centuries.
Almost everything that can be seen today dates from the 14th and 15th centuries, and together with the archaeological remains that there are in the basement, is the Museu d’ Història de la Ciutat, a journey through the first 1500 years of Barcelona life reduced to a visit.
From the Plaza del Rey, you can access the viewpoint of the Reig Marti (Martín I of Aragon, the last of the Kings of Aragon and count of Barcelona), from where there are magnificent views of the city. This viewpoint adjoins the Palau Reial del Palau Lloctinent (Palace of the viceroys), a Renaissance building built in 1549, which was the seat of the archive of the Crown of Aragon. This interesant post can help you to find somewhere to eat a nice catalan style food, Catalan Brewery in Barcelona.
Museum Frederic Marès
Opened in 1948, this museum houses the extraordinary collection of Frederic Marès i Deulovol, eccentric artist, sculptor and traveller. The building was headquarters of the Inquisition in the 15th century, although currently the Museum was extended to accommodate a growing number of pieces to occupy the entire perimeter of houses available.
Accessed from the garden of the former Palau Reial Sant UI Board and from the Carrers dels Comtes, next to the Cathedral.
Plate of Sant Jaume (Plaza de San Jaime)
This square, which bears the name of a church demolished in 1824, has been the Centre of political life in the city since the 14th century. A large Esplanade houses the Ajuntament (City Council of Barcelona) and the Palau de la Generalitat, the seat of the autonomous Government of Catalonia.
During the festivities of the Mercè Festival (in September), the square hosts a competition of castells, amazing human towers which can intervene up to 500 people and reach extraordinary heights.
Plate of Pi and surroundings
The Placa del Pi (Plaza del Pino) is presided over by the Church of Santa Maria del Pino. The façade, an impressive wall of stone with a huge rose window and a majestic gantry, is typical of catalan Gothic.
Opposite the church there is a beautiful building from the 17TH century with sgrafitto decoration which was one of the artisans of the city guilds.
Square comes alive with a market offering all kinds of homemade culinary delights. On the other side of the Placa del Pi is another very pleasant square, plate San Josep Oriol, with several bars and terraces where to drink. 
You can check this video of the Gothic Quarter:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PuSClVW8Bfg.

The city of Barcelona

Today we will talk about a small tour through the Gothic quarter based on myths legends of Barcelona.

We start off with the remains of Roman columns 4 (3 of which are original temple) that are found in the building where the CEC (Centre of Catalonia hikers),
in a small alley, street Paradis, that unites Plaça Sant Jaume with the Carrer de la Pietat. These columns, remains of the ancient temple of Augustus, are at the highest point of the city (16. 9 m) at Mount Taber which is where the Roman city was established. These remains and other many who have been finding by Barcelona, clarify us our more distant origins after the Iberians.

Barrio Gothic BarcelonaPara not give Barcelona as “banal” origins, over the years several legends that gave Barcelona a a more original story emerged.

On the one hand said that the source was Greek and that the founder of the city was Hercules. In one of his many travels, scattered nine ships, eight of which were able to regroup, they began the search for the ninth, ended up finding docked on the Hill of Montjuïc. The crew were in love with the area, so it founded the city that would be called Barca (barca) Nona (ninth), Barcanona. In addition also says that Hercules met a beautiful girl, Pirene, which fell madly, but shared it with his love not more than 2 months because his travels prevented him to stay longer. Hence the name of the Pyrenees.

On the other hand attributed its origin to the Carthaginians, to Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal. He came to these areas and founded the city that gave him his surname Barca. If you are interested in turistic guides in barcelona you can visit Barcelona City tellers, and find what you want.

Etymological level these sources them is a completely acceptable sense, but they lack historic or archeological basis.

Precisely by the Hercules Street, headed to the plate Sant Just, a quiet square with lots of history. There we find a Gothic fountain, which dates back to the 14th century, legend says that

It was created by Joan Fiveller that hunting by the Collserola forests found a ten water which channeled up to that place, close to his palace and that continues today. It was the first important public source of the city and the oldest in Barcelona. At the top of one side of the fountain, can sense a hawk catching a Partridge in honor of its creator and its
hunts.

This square also contains the basilica of Sant Just i Pastor, Gothic church dedicated to two children Just i Pastor, martyrs of Christianity. Some authors claim that the myth of martyrs Just i Pastor is the Christianization of the brothers Castor and Pollux. On the other hand said that it was built on an ancient temple of worship of Mitra. Mithraism was a religion Mystery of widespread initiation type during the Roman Empire. Inside a holy water of Byzantine-style batteries are valuable provinientes of an ancient Visigoth chapel that it existed in the place. As a curiosity, this Church had a curious privilege for the citizens of Barcelona maintained until 1995, a person in danger of death could test before two others people, if they in turn, came to this church and the altar repeated under oath what the dying man, said acquiring legal Testament value.

And finally the Palau Moxó, Palace of the marqueses de Sant Mori of the 18th century, which stands out for its floral decoration on the facade.

Below the square, they say what an underground river that makes you feel the heat given off and sales of this with renewed energy.

If we approach the alleys of the Call, old Jewish quarter during the medieval period, we will see that it retains its structure of chaotic and narrow passages. Between these streets We find the great synagogue, who say that it is the oldest in Europe. On the right side of the lintel of the door you can see a hole, Mezuzah, which identifies a Jewish House and that Remember that they have to keep in mind the prayers when entering or leaving a House. In this neighborhood lived the Jews in the middle ages for many years. Protagonists of many injustice, in Barcelona were also victims of expulsions and murders. During the dismantling of the neighborhood, houses and cemeteries stones took advantage to build
others, which in some corners of the Gothic quarter (for example by the carrer dels Comtes), can see walls with an inscription in Hebrew.

Before heading to the Plaça del Rei, you will pass under the bridge of the Bishop. Bridge of neo-Gothic style that unites the Palau de la Generalitat with House dels Canonges. Another legend already more recent is that if you look at the skull that is right in the Centre of the lower part of the bridge, will bring bad luck, but you can recover your luck touching the turtle next to Sant Felip Neri.