The city of Barcelona

Today we will talk about a small tour through the Gothic quarter based on myths legends of Barcelona.

We start off with the remains of Roman columns 4 (3 of which are original temple) that are found in the building where the CEC (Centre of Catalonia hikers),
in a small alley, street Paradis, that unites Plaça Sant Jaume with the Carrer de la Pietat. These columns, remains of the ancient temple of Augustus, are at the highest point of the city (16. 9 m) at Mount Taber which is where the Roman city was established. These remains and other many who have been finding by Barcelona, clarify us our more distant origins after the Iberians.

Barrio Gothic BarcelonaPara not give Barcelona as “banal” origins, over the years several legends that gave Barcelona a a more original story emerged.

On the one hand said that the source was Greek and that the founder of the city was Hercules. In one of his many travels, scattered nine ships, eight of which were able to regroup, they began the search for the ninth, ended up finding docked on the Hill of Montjuïc. The crew were in love with the area, so it founded the city that would be called Barca (barca) Nona (ninth), Barcanona. In addition also says that Hercules met a beautiful girl, Pirene, which fell madly, but shared it with his love not more than 2 months because his travels prevented him to stay longer. Hence the name of the Pyrenees.

On the other hand attributed its origin to the Carthaginians, to Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal. He came to these areas and founded the city that gave him his surname Barca. If you are interested in turistic guides in barcelona you can visit Barcelona City tellers, and find what you want.

Etymological level these sources them is a completely acceptable sense, but they lack historic or archeological basis.

Precisely by the Hercules Street, headed to the plate Sant Just, a quiet square with lots of history. There we find a Gothic fountain, which dates back to the 14th century, legend says that

It was created by Joan Fiveller that hunting by the Collserola forests found a ten water which channeled up to that place, close to his palace and that continues today. It was the first important public source of the city and the oldest in Barcelona. At the top of one side of the fountain, can sense a hawk catching a Partridge in honor of its creator and its
hunts.

This square also contains the basilica of Sant Just i Pastor, Gothic church dedicated to two children Just i Pastor, martyrs of Christianity. Some authors claim that the myth of martyrs Just i Pastor is the Christianization of the brothers Castor and Pollux. On the other hand said that it was built on an ancient temple of worship of Mitra. Mithraism was a religion Mystery of widespread initiation type during the Roman Empire. Inside a holy water of Byzantine-style batteries are valuable provinientes of an ancient Visigoth chapel that it existed in the place. As a curiosity, this Church had a curious privilege for the citizens of Barcelona maintained until 1995, a person in danger of death could test before two others people, if they in turn, came to this church and the altar repeated under oath what the dying man, said acquiring legal Testament value.

And finally the Palau Moxó, Palace of the marqueses de Sant Mori of the 18th century, which stands out for its floral decoration on the facade.

Below the square, they say what an underground river that makes you feel the heat given off and sales of this with renewed energy.

If we approach the alleys of the Call, old Jewish quarter during the medieval period, we will see that it retains its structure of chaotic and narrow passages. Between these streets We find the great synagogue, who say that it is the oldest in Europe. On the right side of the lintel of the door you can see a hole, Mezuzah, which identifies a Jewish House and that Remember that they have to keep in mind the prayers when entering or leaving a House. In this neighborhood lived the Jews in the middle ages for many years. Protagonists of many injustice, in Barcelona were also victims of expulsions and murders. During the dismantling of the neighborhood, houses and cemeteries stones took advantage to build
others, which in some corners of the Gothic quarter (for example by the carrer dels Comtes), can see walls with an inscription in Hebrew.

Before heading to the Plaça del Rei, you will pass under the bridge of the Bishop. Bridge of neo-Gothic style that unites the Palau de la Generalitat with House dels Canonges. Another legend already more recent is that if you look at the skull that is right in the Centre of the lower part of the bridge, will bring bad luck, but you can recover your luck touching the turtle next to Sant Felip Neri.

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